Thursday, December 10, 2009

"Say" Verus "Tell"

"Garden in Bloom" by Claude Monet

1. Carol that she was going to Mendicino for the weekend.

2. Carol me that she was going to Mendicino for the weekend.

3. I my boss that I could not finish my work on time.

4. Paul me all about his trip. He that it was exhausting.

5. Please, me about the movie you saw last night. Ruth that she liked it very


6. Grace to me, "I will never speak to him again."

7. I William that I could not go to the movies with him.

8. The boy his mother a lie, and she was angry at him.

9. I believe that he will always the truth in the future.

10. Those twins are so much alike, I can't them apart.

11. Mr. and Mrs. Smith us all about their trip to Japan.

12. They Japan was a very interesting country.

13. Loren that he was too tired to go to the park with us.

14. I have him the same thing several times. Why doesn't he remember?

15. Would you please me what time it is?

Sunday, November 22, 2009

Type and Listen. Amazing New Technology!

"The Hill" by Wayne Thiebaud

Instructions: Type in the box. Select a character to speak the lines.
Then, press the play button and listen. Also, you can "copy" and "paste"
lines from the exercises in the box, then listen. The voice quality is
excellent, and it's a good way to hear the pronunciation of any of the lines
from the grammar exercises. "Paul" doesn't work very well, but the other characters do.
You can also select the speed of the reading.

Steps for "copy" and "paste"

1. Select the text by dragging the cursor over it. The text turns blue.
2. Right click over the text. Choose "copy" from the menu. Left click on "copy."
3. Scroll to the speaker box. Right click in the speaker box.
4. Choose "paste" from the menu. Left click on "paste."
5. The text you selected and copied will appear in the speaker box.

Tuesday, November 17, 2009

Gerund Review for Level Five/Six

"My Parents, My Grandparents, and I" by Frida Kahlo, Mexican artist and wife of Diego Rivera

1. I'm interested more about computers. (learn)

2. Louise is planning word processing next semester. (take)

3. They've been responsible their apartment for years. (clean)

4. We're accustomed writing exercises every day. (do)

5. I had a cold. It prevented me the class. (attend)

6. The students succeeded their final exams. (pass)

7. The boss thanked us excellent workers. (be)

8. Are you looking forward Christmas presents? (receive)

9. I don't go swimming because I'm afraid in the ocean. (drown)

10. Bill hasn't worked here very long. Why does he insist a raise? (get)

11. The brave woman prevented the robber the money. (steal)

12. Anita thanked me her move to her new apartment. (help)

13. They are very excited Golden Gate Bridge on their trip to San Francisco. (see)

14. A procrastinator is someone who always puts things. (do)

15. The Jacksons say they are looking forward us over for dinner.

16. Would you this letter on your way home? (mail)

17. Robert doesn't like vegetables. Even though they're good for him, he them. (eat)

18. My wife and I downtown whenever we can. (drive)

19. Don't forget all of the doors before you leave the building. (lock)

20. I my lunch at home. Now, I eat in the cafeteria. (eat)

21. What time do your friends expect in San Francisco? (arrive)

22. I didn't that movie. It was too violent. (watch)

23. Would you that package at the post office on your way to work? (drop off)

24. Did you ever Europe sometime? (visit)

25. My lawyer my divorce. (postpone)

26. I dislike gerunds because they're too difficult. (study)

27. Don't postpone for next semseter. (register)

28. Has the thief finally admitted the expensive painting? (steal)

29. I don't recall my paycheck. (receive)

30. I heard that Bob quit for Acme Construction Company. (work)

31. Do you believe every day? (exercise)

32. I'm tired a double shift. It's sixteen hours a day! (work)

Thursday, November 12, 2009

Jennifer Teaches The Present, Unreal Conditional

"Man the Master, not the Slave of Technology", by Mexican Artist, David Alfaro Siqueiros

Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Hey, Teacher, Give me a break! So do I? Or So am I? Can't I just say "Me, too?"

1. Tom doesn't have enough time to read novels, and ______________ I.

2. We attend class on Saturday and Sunday, and ____________ they.

3. Mary wasn't able to travel last summer, and _____________ we.

4. Bob ____________ able to play in the next soccer game, and neither will I.

5. I haven't been to Canada in a long time, they _______________ .

6. Sylvia is working overtime this week, and __________ Maria.

7. I can't decide what classes I should take at City College, and Jack _____________ .

Friday, October 30, 2009

Two Word, or Phrasal Verbs. Please fill in the blanks and check your answers by clicking on the drop down menu.

"Summer Evening" by Edward Hopper

1. Every morning, I have to my daughter at school.

2. Then, after her school is over, I .

3. After you the application form, to me and I'll check it over.

4. Before you leave the store at night, don't forget to all the lights, and don't forget to any tools that you used.

5. Excuse me. Your television is a little too loud and it bothers me. Could you possibly ?

6. It looks like we all of the dish soap. We'll have to buy some more the next time we go to the store.

7. I'm sorry you have the flu. I hope you soon.

8. We had to the picnic because the weather was terrible.

9. The decorations for the party are still on the walls of the living room. When are you going to ?

10. I haven't decided whether I want to take a credit course next semester or not. I really have to .

11. Guess who I last week? George Parker! I hadn't seen him in five years.

12. I invited Melissa to my party. I sent her the invitation three weeks ago, but I haven't yet.

13. Are you sure that jacket isn't too warm? You should . You'll feel more comfortable.

14. I cooked a lot of spaghetti, but it was very popular. I'm sorry to say that I've .

15. Your English composition has too many mistakes. You should probably .

16. If you forget the meaning of a word, you can always in the dictionary or online.

17. I'm a single mother. It hasn't been easy. I three children by myself.

18. Welcome to my party. Of course you want to know where you can put your coats. You can in the hall closet.

19. He tried to keep it a secret, but his wife that he was planning a surprise party for her.

20. Why are you so excited? She agreed to marry you, but that's no reason to jump up and down. Why don't you try to ?

21. I haven't my new computer yet. It's still in the box!

22. I have a new job. I hope I will my fellow workers.

23. Do you usually early? Yes, I do, because I have to be at work at 7:30 AM.

24. Do you have any more grammar exercises and pronunciation practice? No, I'm sorry. I .

25. My wife and I have a couple of interesting photograph albums. We yesterday.

The Following Conversation is about Phrasal Verbs from Voice of America's Word Master Series:

AA: I'm Avi Arditti with Rosanne Skirble, and this week on Wordmaster -- English teacher Lida Baker joins us from Los Angeles to talk about phrasal verbs. The first word is a verb. The second word, sometimes even a third, is usually a preposition. Phrasal verbs have a reputation for being tough for English learners. So what does Lida Baker think?

LB: "I think that is a myth."

RS: "Really."

LB: "Phrasal verbs are not hard to learn, as long as you learn them in a context. I think what has given phrasal verbs a reputation for being difficult is the way they are traditionally taught, which is that students are given long lists of verbs -- you know, for instance every phrasal verb connected with the word 'go.' So 'go on,' 'go up,' 'go out,' 'go in,' 'go away,' 'go through,' OK? That's a very tedious way of learning anything."

RS: "Well, give us some of your strategies."

Lida Baker

LB: "All right. Well, one thing we should keep in mind about phrasal verbs is that they are used a lot more in conversational English than they are in formal English. So you are going to find a lot of phrasal verbs in conversational settings such as ... "

RS: "Come on [laughter]."

LB: " ... television programs, radio interviews, and pop music is a wonderful, wonderful source for phrasal verbs. I think the best way to learn, or one of the best ways of learning phrasal verbs is to learn them in everyday contexts. One good one is people's daily routine. We 'get up' in the morning, we 'wake up,' we 'put on' our clothes in the morning, we 'take off' our clothes at the end of the day, we 'turn on' the coffee maker or the television set, and of course we 'turn it off' also. After we eat we 'clean up.' If we're concerned about our health and our weight, we go to the gym and we ... "

RS: "Work out."

LB: "There you go. You see, so as far as our daily routine is concerned, there are lots and lots of phrasal verbs. Another wonderful context for phrasal verbs is traveling. What does an airplane do?"

AA: "It 'takes off.'"

LB: "It 'takes off,' that's right. And lots of phrasal verbs connected with hotels. So when we get to the hotel we 'check
in,' and you can save a lot of money if you ... "

RS: "Stay -- "

LB: "'Stay over,' right."

AA: "And you just have to make sure you don't get 'ripped off.'"

LB: "That's right! I'm glad that you mentioned 'ripped off,' because a lot of phrasal verbs are slang, such as ripped off. And most of them do have sort of a formal English equivalent. So to get ripped off means to be treated unfairly ... "

AA: "To be cheated."

LB: "To be cheated, yeah. And there are lot of other two-word or phrasal verbs that you might find, for instance, in rap
music. For example, to 'get down' means to, uh -- what does it mean?"

RS: "It means to party, doesn't it?"

LB: "To go to parties."

AA: "Have a good time."

LB: "Right. Another wonderful context is dating and romance. For example, when a relationship ends two people 'break up.' But when they decide that they've made a mistake and they really are in love and want to be together, they 'call each other up' ... "

RS: "And they 'make up.'"

LB: "And they make up. Now, if your boyfriend 'breaks up' with you and it's really, really over, then it might take you a few months to 'get over it.' But, you know, sooner or later you're going to find someone else ... "

AA: "To 'hook up' with -- "

LB: "To hook up with."

AA: " -- to use a current idiom."

LB: "Right. Or you might meet someone nice at work to 'go out with.'"

RS: "So what would you recommend for a teacher to do, to build these contexts, so that the students can learn from them?"

LB: "I think the best thing for a teacher to do, or for a person learning alone, is to learn the idioms in context. And there are vocabulary books and idiom books that will cluster the phrasal verbs for the student. There are also so many wonderful Web sites. I mean, if you go to a search engine and you just type in 'ESL + phrasal verbs,' you're going to run across -- and there's another one, 'run across' -- you're going to find lots of Web sites that present phrasal verbs in these contexts that I've been talking about. And also grammar sites which explain the grammar of phrasal verbs, which I haven't gotten into because we just don't have the time to discuss it here. But in doing my research for this segment I found lots of Web sites that do a really great job of explaining the grammar of phrasal verbs."

AA: Lida Baker writes and edits textbooks for English learners. You can find earlier segments with Lida at And that's WORDMASTER for this week. With Rosanne Skirble, I'm Avi Arditti.

Phrasal Verb Dictionary from English

Video about Phrasal Verbs from Jennifer:

Friday, October 23, 2009

Two Word or Phrasal Verbs: Practice Two

"Sunflowers" by Joan Mitchell, Abstract Expressionist Painter

1. Tim and Patty don't each other. They fight constantly.

2. I really my older sister because she's so smart.

3. You borrowed my screw driver yesterday, but you haven't to me yet.

4. My fiancee is going to her wedding dress tomorrow.

5. I need your email. Could you for me in this notebook?

6. This math problem is difficult. I'm having trouble .

7. I borrowed these library books two weeks ago. Now, I have to .

8. I just turned on that TV. Why did you ?

9. I haven't decided whether I will accept the job offer. I have to .

10. I don't believe you. That's story isn't true! You just !

11. They missed class for two weeks, so now they're trying to .

12. Has the electrician begun working on the house? No. In fact, he hasn't


13. I'm not going to stop learning English. I'm going to studying it.

14. Maria decided to lose weight, so she's going to on bagels and


15. Your brother is too undisciplined. He needs to and start thinking

about his future.

16. The salesman tried to convince me to buy the car, but I didn't let him


17. Have the people received their flyers? No, you haven't yet.

18. Are those old newspapers still in the garage? You really should .

19. My parents have marital problems. They should before they get


20. You shouldn't smoking in the house. Second hand smoke is bad for


21. We have repaired you car. You can any time.

22. Judy, your toys are all over your room. Please, .

23. They are going to the report carefully to see if there are any mistakes.

24. I need an alarm clock to every morning, or I'll oversleep.

25. Harry gave me a nice ring, but I because I decided not to marry him.

Phrasal Verb Dictionary from English

Jennifer ESL: Lesson 18: The Structure of Phrasal Verbs.

Jennifer ESL: Lesson 19: The pronunciation patterns in Phrasal Verbs.

Thursday, October 22, 2009

Future, Real Conditional and Present, Unreal Conditional

"Untitled" by Joan Mitchell, Abstract Expressionist Painter

1. If John ________ more time, he'd study more.

will have
had had

2. If our cat __________ friendlier, everyone would like him more.

will be

3. If __________ a lot this winter, we'll probably go to Florida on vacation.

it will snow
it snowed
it snows
doesn't snow

4. If Walter didn't enjoy his job, _________ work so hard.

he doesn't
he wouldn't
he won't

5. If you _______ too late, you might be very tired in the morning.

stayed up
don't stay up
can stay up
stay up

6. If Maria ________ another bad report card, her parents will be very angry.

will get
might get

7. If we don't clean the environment, __________ better.

it'll get
it has gotten
it doesn't get
it won't get

8. If you don't get dressed up for the interview, __________ get the job.

you wouldn't
you might not
you couldn't

9. If my class were canceled, __________ to the library.

I might probably
I'll probably go
I think I go
I'd probably go

10. If you ________ a coin in the wishing well, your wish will come true.

will dropping
had dropped

11. I wouldn't walk on that slippery floor ________________.

if I am you
if I were you
if you was me
if you don't want to

12. If the teacher __________ louder, we'd be able to hear her.

has spoken
is speaking

13. If Timmy ___________ so often, __________ better results.

didn't oversleep ... he'll get
overslept ... he wouldn't get
won't oversleep ...he'll get
didn't oversleep ... he'd get

Friday, October 16, 2009

Phrasal Verbs
Separable Phrasal Verbs
# The object may come after the following phrasal verbs or it may separate the two parts:You have to do this paint job over.
# You have to do over this paint job.

When the object of the following phrasal verbs is a pronoun, the two parts of the phrasal verb must be separated:
# You have to do it over.
Verb Meaning Example
blow up explode The terrorists tried to blow up the railroad station.
bring up mention a topic My mother brought up that little matter of my prison record again.
bring up raise children It isn't easy to bring up children nowadays.
call off cancel They called off this afternoon's meeting
do over repeat a job Do this homework over.
fill out complete a form Fill out this application form and mail it in.
fill up fill to capacity She filled up the grocery cart with free food.
find out discover My sister found out that her husband had been planning a surprise party for her.
give away give something to someone else for free The filling station was giving away free gas.
give back return an object My brother borrowed my car. I have a feeling he's not about to give it back.
hand in submit something (assignment) The students handed in their papers and left the room.
hang up put something on hook or receiver She hung up the phone before she hung up her clothes.
hold up delay I hate to hold up the meeting, but I have to go to the bathroom.
hold up (2) rob Three masked gunmen held up the Security Bank this afternoon.
leave out omit You left out the part about the police chase down Asylum Avenue.
look over examine, check The lawyers looked over the papers carefully before questioning the witness. (They looked them over carefully.)
look up search in a list You've misspelled this word again. You'd better look it up.
make up invent a story or lie She knew she was in trouble, so she made up a story about going to the movies with her friends.
make out hear, understand He was so far away, we really couldn't make out what he was saying.
pick out choose There were three men in the line-up. She picked out the guy she thought had stolen her purse.
pick up lift something off something else The crane picked up the entire house. (Watch them pick it up.)
point out call attention to As we drove through Paris, Francoise pointed out the major historical sites.
put away save or store We put away money for our retirement. She put away the cereal boxes.
put off postpone We asked the boss to put off the meeting until tomorrow. (Please put it off for another day.)
put on put clothing on the body I put on a sweater and a jacket. (I put them on quickly.)
put out extinguish The firefighters put out the house fire before it could spread. (They put it out quickly.)
read over peruse I read over the homework, but couldn't make any sense of it.
set up to arrange, begin My wife set up the living room exactly the way she wanted it. She set it up.
take down make a written note These are your instructions. Write them down before you forget.
take off remove clothing It was so hot that I had to take off my shirt.
talk over discuss We have serious problems here. Let's talk them over like adults.
throw away discard That's a lot of money! Don't just throw it away.
try on put clothing on to see if it fits She tried on fifteen dresses before she found one she liked.
try out test I tried out four cars before I could find one that pleased me.
turn down lower volume Your radio is driving me crazy! Please turn it down.
turn down (2) reject He applied for a promotion twice this year, but he was turned down both times.
turn up raise the volume Grandpa couldn't hear, so he turned up his hearing aid.
turn off switch off electricity We turned off the lights before anyone could see us.
turn off (2) repulse It was a disgusting movie. It really turned me off.
turn on switch on the electricity Turn on the CD player so we can dance.
use up exhaust, use completely The gang members used up all the money and went out to rob some more banks.

Inseparable Phrasal Verbs (Transitive)
With the following phrasal verbs, the lexical part of the verb (the part of the phrasal verb that carries the "verb-meaning") cannot be separated from the prepositions (or other parts) that accompany it: "Who will look after my estate when I'm gone?"
Verb Meaning Example
call on ask to recite in class The teacher called on students in the back row.
call on (2) visit The old minister continued to call on his sick parishioners.
get over recover from sickness or disappointment I got over the flu, but I don't know if I'll ever get over my broken heart.
go over review The students went over the material before the exam. They should have gone over it twice.
go through use up; consume They country went through most of its coal reserves in one year. Did he go through all his money already?
look after take care of My mother promised to look after my dog while I was gone.
look into investigate The police will look into the possibilities of embezzlement.
run across find by chance I ran across my old roommate at the college reunion.
run into meet Carlos ran into his English professor in the hallway.
take after resemble My second son seems to take after his mother.
wait on serve It seemed strange to see my old boss wait on tables.

Three-Word Phrasal Verbs (Transitive)
With the following phrasal verbs, you will find three parts: "My brother dropped out of school before he could graduate."
Verb Meaning Example
break in on interrupt (a conversation) I was talking to Mom on the phone when the operator broke in on our call.
catch up with keep abreast After our month-long trip, it was time to catch up with the neighbors and the news around town.
check up on examine, investigate The boys promised to check up on the condition of the summer house from time to time.
come up with to contribute (suggestion, money) After years of giving nothing, the old parishioner was able to come up with a thousand-dollar donation.
cut down on curtail (expenses) We tried to cut down on the money we were spending on entertainment.
drop out of leave school I hope none of my students drop out of school this semester.
get along with have a good relationship with I found it very hard to get along with my brother when we were young.
get away with escape blame Janik cheated on the exam and then tried to get away with it.
get rid of eliminate The citizens tried to get rid of their corrupt mayor in the recent election.
get through with finish When will you ever get through with that program?
keep up with maintain pace with It's hard to keep up with the Joneses when you lose your job!
look forward to anticipate with pleasure I always look forward to the beginning of a new semester.
look down on despise It's typical of a jingoistic country that the citizens look down on their geographical neighbors.
look in on visit (somebody) We were going to look in on my brother-in-law, but he wasn't home.
look out for be careful, anticipate Good instructors will look out for early signs of failure in their students
look up to respect First-graders really look up to their teachers.
make sure of verify Make sure of the student's identity before you let him into the classroom.
put up with tolerate The teacher had to put up with a great deal of nonsense from the new students.
run out of exhaust supply The runners ran out of energy before the end of the race.
take care of be responsible for My oldest sister took care of us younger children after Mom died.
talk back to answer impolitely The star player talked back to the coach and was thrown off the team.
think back on recall I often think back on my childhood with great pleasure.
walk out on abandon Her husband walked out on her and their three children.

Intransitive Phrasal Verbs
The following phrasal verbs are not followed by an object: "Once you leave home, you can never really go back again."
Verb Meaning Example
break down stop functioning That old Jeep had a tendency to break down just when I needed it the most.
catch on become popular Popular songs seem to catch on in California first and then spread eastward.
come back return to a place Father promised that we would never come back to this horrible place.
come in enter They tried to come in through the back door, but it was locked.
come to regain consciousness He was hit on the head very hard, but after several minutes, he started to come to again.
come over to visit The children promised to come over, but they never do.
drop by visit without appointment We used to just drop by, but they were never home, so we stopped doing that.
eat out dine in a restaurant When we visited Paris, we loved eating out in the sidewalk cafes.
get by survive Uncle Heine didn't have much money, but he always seemed to get by without borrowing money from relatives.
get up arise Grandmother tried to get up, but the couch was too low, and she couldn't make it on her own.
go back return to a place It's hard to imagine that we will ever go back to Lithuania.
go on continue He would finish one Dickens novel and then just go on to the next.
go on (2) happen The cops heard all the noise and stopped to see what was going on.
grow up get older Charles grew up to be a lot like his father.
keep away remain at a distance The judge warned the stalker to keep away from his victim's home.
keep on (with gerund) continue with the same He tried to keep on singing long after his voice was ruined.
pass out lose consciousness, faint He had drunk too much; he passed out on the sidewalk outside the bar.
show off demonstrate haughtily Whenever he sat down at the piano, we knew he was going to show off.
show up arrive Day after day, Efrain showed up for class twenty minutes late.
wake up arouse from sleep I woke up when the rooster crowed.

Many of these verbs and definitions (but by no means all) are adopted from Grammar Context by Sandra N. Elbaum. Second Edition, Book 2. (Heinle & Heinle Publishers, Boston, 1996.) The examples are our own.

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Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Practice with Future, Real Conditional. Fill the blanks and check your answer by clicking on the drop down menu.

"Summer Days" by Georgia O'Keefe

1. (to be) If the question difficult, we can ask the teacher.

2. (to save) Tom will go to Disneyland if he enough money.

3. (to buy) If I a lottery ticket, I might win the lottery.

4. (to have) My friend usually walks to school if he enough time.

5. (to start) If the movie at eight, we will be late!

6. (to have) We can go waterskiing if Jeff's boat gas.

7. (to pass) The class will have a party if the students all their tests.

8. (to be) If there milk in the refrigerator, I'll have milk with my cake.

9. (to eat) If my sister all of the cake, I will get angry.

10. (to tell) My mother always punishes my sister if she a lie.

11. (not close) If the company tomorrow, we'll have to go to work as usual.

12. (not come) If the pizza soon, we can eat a sandwich instead.

13. (not be) If there any milk in the refrigerator, I'll go to the supermarket.

14. (not snow) If it tomorrow, we can't go skiing.

15. (not rain) My dad will paint the garage if it on Saturday.

16. (not go) If we to work, we won't get paid.

17. (not buy) We can't go to the show if we a ticket.

18. (not go) I will call you if she to the movies, and we can go out together.

19. (not be) We should go jogging if it raining outside.

20. (not ring) If the phone this afternoon, I can take a nap.

Saturday, October 3, 2009

Past Perfect Tense Quiz

"Sunday afternoon at Jatte Island" by Georges Seurat

1. My parents didn't go to the movies last night because ______________ a movie the night before.

they didn't see
they has seen
they had seen
they have seen

A: What was Mrs. Lee doing in her garden this morning?
B: She ______________ her plants.

was watering
had been watering
had watered
has watered

3. Albert was very tired last night because ____________ all day.

he's been exercising
he's exercised
he had exercised
he's exercising

A: Did Helen enjoy discussing politics last night?
B: Yes. She ___________ in a long time.

hadn't been discussed
had discussed
didn't discuss
hadn't discussed

A: Has Pamela ever been to Paris?
B: Yes. She ________ there last year.

had gone
has gone
had been going

6. Sam had trouble flying a kite last weekend because __________ never flown one before.

he had
he hadn't
he was

7. I didn't want to go swimming yesterday because I __________ swimming the day before.

was gone
had gone
am going
was go

8. By the time I got there, the game ______________

had already started
had been starting
has started

9. Harry's wife had already finished eating dinner when he __________ home.

had come
was coming
has come

10. James ___________ that his shirt was dirty until after dinner.

hadn't realized
hasn't realized
wasn't realizing

A: Why didn't you go to New York last year?
B: We didn't want to. _____________ to New York the previous year.

We've already gone
We'd already went
We'd already gone
We've already been

12. ________ Jerry arrived, we'd already left.

By the time

13. Monica enjoyed going fishing yesterday because she ____________ in a long time.

hadn't thought about
hadn't gone fishing
hasn't gone fishing
wasn't gone fishing

14. By the time I got to the boat, it _____________ away.

was already sail
is already sailing
have been already sail
had already sailed

15. The bank had unfortunately closed by the time _______________ .

I got there
I was getting there
I had gotten there
I had been getting there

Present Perfect or Past Perfect??

California Back Roads

1. I only been to Berkeley twice before I went there last weekend.

2. Before Jose studied at Mission Campus, he never studied English before.

3. Steven driven on many back roads in California.

4. Before you explained the past perfect tense, I ever understood it.

5. Jim was happy when he visited San Francisco last month because he been here in a long time.

6. Arlene sung in many operas during her long career .

7. I wasn't interested in buying a car last month because I already bought one .

8. I'd like to go to Reno because I never been there before.

9. By the time we got to the party, everyone already left.

10. My job interview is tomorrow and I prepared for it yet.

Wednesday, September 30, 2009

Embedded (Included) Questions. Choose, then check your answer.

Henri Rousseau, "The Football Players"

1. Could you tell me how much ____________ ?
costs this suit
does this suit cost
this suit costs
does cost this suit

2. Do you have any idea how long _________ out?
had they been going
they had been going
did they go
were they going

3. Do you know why ___________ closing early today?
is the store
does the store be
will the store be
the store is

4. How much money __________ last month?
we spent
spent we
did we spend
did we spent

5. I'd like to know what ________________.
does that word mean
that word means
that word does mean
does mean that word

6. Do you know if __________________ ?
are classes held on Sunday
classes are held on Sunday
classes holding on Sunday
are classes holding on Sunday

7. Steven can't remember ____________ last weekend.
what did he do
what he did
what was he doing
what had he done

8. I don't know _____________ promoted or not.
if will I be
whether I will be
what I be will
if I will can

9. I don't know _______________ junk food or not.
if quit she eating
what she quit to eat
if she quit eating
whether did she quit eating

10. My secretary doesn't remember _____________ a copy of the letter.
if he gave me
did he give me
when did he give me
whether did he give me

A: What is our new neighbor's name?
B: I'm sorry. I don't remember ______________ .
what is his name
what his name is
what's is his name
whether his name is

12. Joan can't remember _____________ her new gloves.
where did she put
whether did she put
where she put
if she put

13. The patient doesn't remember when _________________ .
is his appointment
his appointment is
does he have an appointment
if he has an appointment

14. Could you tell me ___________ ?
who is responsible for cleaning the lab
who responsible for cleaning the lab is
who for the lab responsible is cleaning
whose responsibility for the cleaning lab

15. I'm sorry. I don't know _____________.
where is the bank
where the bank is
where has the bank
where the bank

Embedded question practice from English Zone

Friday, September 25, 2009

Gerund and Infinitive. Choose, then check your answer.

"Night Cafe" by Vincent Van Gogh

1. Does your sister __________ to play tennis?

think about

2. Timothy usually avoids _________ at fast-food restaurants.

to eat

3. I'm interested ___________ an English class next semester.

to take
to taking
in taking
about taking

4. Your son _________________ going to bed earlier.

doesn't like to
should start
has always hating
should decide

5. James and Margaret don't ____________ standing in line.

like to
can't stand

6. Have you ever tried _____________ your nails before?

to quit to bite
to bite to quit
quit to bite
to quit biting

7. They're excited _________________ their anniversary.

about celebrating
to celebrating
to celebrate
about celebrate

8. That's the second time she's _____________ this year.

been promoted

9. She's ___________ eating too much junk food.

keeps on
doesn't enjoy

10. Jane _____________ moving to New York, but decided against it.

can't stood
has thought

11. Why did you ___________ wearing a tie and jacket when you were young?

start to

12. How long have you _______________ a piano?

been thinking to buy
thought to buy
considering buying
been thinking of buying

13. Kathy loves her cell phone. That's why she can't stop _________ it.

to use
to like

14. They're ___________________ their own gas and electricity.

responsible of
responsible to
responsible for

15. I ______________ early everyday, but not now, because I'm retired.

am used to getting up
used to get up
am used to get up
used to getting up

Wednesday, September 23, 2009

Passive Voice Practice

"Falling Water House" by the architect, Frank Lloyd Wright

1. You don't need to do the report over. It's already ___________.
been rewriting
been rewritten
going to be rewritten

2. That piano _____________ . It's too heavy.
could be moved
will be move
was moving
can't be moved

3. My pants ____________ by the tailor right now.
are altering
have been altered
are being altered
are been altering

4. The mail _________________ yet. They're going to do it in an hour.
hasn't been distributed
is being distributed
wasn't distributed
has been distributing

5. Time Magazine ______________ every two weeks.
is published
has published
is being publish
is publishing

6. In American football players __________ more often than soccer players .
is injured
are injuring
are injured
had injuring

7. Dessert _____________ in the dinner menu.
has usually included
was usually been included
is usually including
is usually included

8. That's the second time she's _____________ this year.
been promoted

9. Your TV hasn't been repaired yet. ______________ right now.
It's being repaired
It hasn't been repaired
It was repaired
It wasn't repaired

10. If you have time, please sweep the floor because ________________ .
it hasn't been swept
it's been swept
it's being swept
it's going to be swept

11. A midterm examination ____________ next week. Are you prepared?
has been given
is giving
will be given
will be giving

12. I believe this building ___________________ by Frank Lloyd Wright.
is being design
has designed
was designed
will be designing

13. On her birthday, Amanda was given ___________ .
by her parents
many presents
her grandparents a present
a very exciting year

The following article talks about using the passive voice in compositions. It is usually stronger to use the active voice when you write. But there are some situations where the passive is better. It is interesting that the passive is sometimes used when the writer doesn't want to reveal the initiator of an action, as in the sentence: "Archibald Cox, who investigated Watergate, was fired." (It was President Nixon who fired him.)

Link to an article about the Passive Voice.

Thursday, September 10, 2009

Modal Plus Present Perfect

1. Janet's not in school today. She __________ have overslept.


2. Grandpa moved the piano by himself. He's okay, but he __________ have injured his back.


3. My parents haven't arrived at the party yet. They don't know this city very well. They ____________ have gotten lost.


4. I'm tired today. I definitely __________ have stayed up so late last night.


5. How did Linda catch a cold? I'm not sure. She __________ have gone out in the rain.


6. Mother didn't answer the phone. She ____________ been sleeping.

should have
might have
mustn't have

7. I think I ate too much at dinner. I definitely __________ skipped dessert.

should have
shouldn't have
must have

8. It's too bad you didn't practice for the marathon. You _________ won.

could have
may not have
must have
couldn't have

9. Jennifer had a lot of homework. She ____________ gone to the party last night.

couldn't have
must not have
shouldn't have

10. Jack ______________ in a car accident yesterday. He was home all day.

shouldn't be
mustn't be
couldn't have been
shouldn't have been

11. Nancy did very well on her history test. She ______________ studied hard.

might have
should have
must have
shouldn't have

12. We couldn't hear our teacher all day. He __________________ spoken louder.

should have
must have
mustn't have
may have

13. Bill slept too late but he got to work on time. He's lucky. He _______________ missed the bus.

must have
should have
could have
mustn't have

14. It was a good movie. You _______________ seen it.

should have
shouldn't have
would have
mustn't have

15.I'm not sure. I _________ left my keys at home.

should have
might have
wouldn't have
must have

16. Be careful. That floor is wet. You _________ slipped.

should have
must have
shouldn't have
could have

17. The ground is very wet this morning. It ___________ rained last night.

couldn't have
must have
should have
would have

18. The ground is very dry this morning. It ___________ rained last night.

could have
must have
shouldn't have
mustn't have

19. You ________________ thrown out that painting. It might be worth something.

could have
must have
shouldn't have
might have

20. They ________________ enjoyed the party if more of their friends had been there.

couldn't have
must have
should have
would have

21. The boss is in a terrible mood today. He ___________ had a very good cup of coffee.

must have
could have
shouldn't have
mustn't have

22. Andrew hurt his hand while he was fixing his sink. He _____________ been more careful.

mustn't have
should have
wouldn't have
couldn't have

23. We _______________ gone to Hawaii for vacation if we had known it was going to rain the whole time.

wouldn't have
must have
should have
could have

24. Andrea is late for work. There ____________ been a lot of traffic on the Bay Bridge.

couldn't have
might not have
should have
must have

25. I _______________ answered the phone yesterday because I wasn't home.

couldn't have
didn't have
should have
might have

26. Did Marvin's cat pass away? He _____________ felt really sad.

couldn't have
should have
must have
might have

27. Why did my son become a low paying circus clown when he _____________ become a wealthy lawyer??

couldn't have
must have
shouldn't have
could have

28. If we had known about the lecture, we ____________ attended it.

couldn't have
must have
would have
shouldn't have

29. I called the Stevensons, but no one answered. They ____________ gone to the country.

shouldn't have
mustn't have
might have
would have

30. Those cool musicians play beautifully together. They ________ practiced a lot.

couldn't have
must have
should have
would have