Sunday, August 15, 2010

Using Second Verbs: Rules and an Exercise

"Adoration of the Magi" Fra Angelico, 1433

Infinitive= to+verb: to go, to make, to play
Base Form= verb with no change: go, make, play
Gerund= verb+ing: going, making, playing
Auxiliary= First Verb or Helping Verb

Every language has a powerful motor. That motor is the power of verb combination. If you know how verbs combine, you find that you can converse more easily and more accurately. Listen to yourself speak in your own language, and you'll very often find that you're combining verbs. In English, there are three kinds of second verbs: Base Form, Infinitive, and Gerund. Which one you use depends on the first verb. If you use a modal auxiliary, the second verb will always be the Base Form. If you use auxiliaries:

have, going, want, need, decide, ought, able

your second verb will be the infinitive. If you use auxiliary verbs:

keep on, enjoy, feel like, avoid, consider, finish, have trouble

the second verb will be the gerund. There are some verbs that are followed by either the gerund or the infinitive such as

prefer, start, try, continue, hate, like, begin

Exercise: Choose the correct form of the second verb.

1. Steve must away all the tools now. (put)

2. The students can't this complicated lesson. (understand)

3. Have you ever considered in a computer course? (enroll)

4. We would in Europe if we had more time and money. (travel)

5. I don't want out these old letters. (throw)

6. They're going married in October. (get)

7. We should our typing skills so we can write online exercises more easily. (improve)

8. I don't like long meetings. (attend)

9. You ought your friends if they're in trouble. (help)

10. We need the driver's manual for the test. (learn)

11. Tom is late. He might stuck in traffic. (be)

12. I wasn't able the problem to the employer clearly enough. (explain)

13. I might my homework before the party begins. (finish)

14. I sometimes have trouble a parking place. (find)

15. He likes coffee in the morning. (drink)

16. Mary could 5 miles every day when she was younger.(run)

17. We'll City College next semester. (attend)

18. I won't be able to the party with you because I have too much homework.(go)

19. Dave has his brother after school today. (pick up)

20. You know, you ought a larger notebook. It's better for writing. (buy)

21. Steve should a jacket today because it's very cold out.(wear)

22. Andy wants a job in San Francisco because he likes that city. (find)

23. We don't want away but our company has changed its location. (move)

24. The students will a lot of grammar this semester. (study)

25. We enjoy to stories and articles on the internet. (read, listen)

26. We try as much as we can about the sounds of English. (learn)

27. They avoid on the freeway during rush hour. There are too many cars on the road. (drive)

28. I'd like my bicycle in the country this Saturday. (ride)

29. Sylvia and Roger are going married after they graduate from college. (get)

30. They decided to Hawaii for their honeymoon. (travel)

31. I prefer rather than taking the bus. (walk)

32. The police car began my car yesterday. I didn't know what I was doing wrong. (follow)