Friday, November 12, 2010

Embedded/Included Questions

"The Guitar Player" Jan Vermeer, 1672
An embedded or included question is always a noun clause. It is the object of the verb, as in the following sentence: I don't know where the supermarket is. "where the supermarket is" is a noun clause, the object of the verb "know". The noun clause must always be in the word order: subject+verb. So, a noun clause can never be in the form of a question.

If it is an information question, (when, what, where, why, whose, which, how much, how many, etc.), the noun clause begins with the question word.

If it is a yes/no question, such as "Is this your book?" The noun clause begins with "if" or "whether".

Exercise: Change the following questions to noun clauses after the appropriate main clauses supplied.

1. When does the train arrive?
Do you know

2. Was Sam in San Francisco last year?
I don't know

3. Where's your brother going to live next year?
I'm not exactly sure

4. What is the teacher's name?
Can you tell me

5. Does this school have a cafeteria?
Could you please tell me

6. When did the new factory open?
Do you remember

7. Where can I find a good shoe store?
Do you happen to know

8. How far is Oregon from here?
I'd like to find out

9. What time is it?
Could you please tell me

10. Are there any new employees this week?
I really can't tell you

11. How much does this computer cost?
Do you know

12. Where are the restrooms in this building?
Could you please tell me

13. When did the First World War begin?
Do you happen to know

14. How long has Jack been here?
I'm really not sure

15. How did she break her leg?
Poor Maria! Do you happen to know

16. What kind of guitar is that lady playing?
I don't have any idea

17. What did she say?
I didn't hear

18. What was the answer?
She remembered

19. What movie did we see yesterday?
I don't recall

20. What did you explain in class?
I'm trying to remember

The following is an excellent video from Learning American English. It has a good explanation of the Noun Clause.

Thursday, November 4, 2010

Reviewing the Comparative and Superlative.

"Fishbone Forest" Max Ernst, 1927

1. My brother is my father. In fact, my brother is person in our family.

2. Spanish is Russian. In fact, Spanish is one of languages in the world.

3. Margaret is her neighbor. Some people say she's woman in our neighborhood.

4. Martha Brothers coffee is Starbucks. Some people think Martha Brothers coffee is coffee in San Francisco.

5. California's economy is Nevada's economy. Many people agree that California's economy is one of economies in the United States.

6. Arnold Schwarzenegger isn't Jerry Brown, however he's a lot Jerry Brown. Arnold Schwarzenegger used to be one of men in the world before he became an actor.

7. Your Uncle George is your Aunt Wilma. I think he's person in our family.

8. Your younger brother is his roommate. He's probably person in the dormitory.

9. Mildred is Evelyn. Mildred's music teacher think she's musician in the school.

10. Your grandfather is mine. Everybody says he's person in our community.

11, That dog is a lot our cat. That dog is probably animal on our block.

12. Yes, I know this radio isn't very , but unfortunately, we don't have a . This radio is one in the store.

13. Linda is person I know. In my opinion, she much her sister.

14. Our store is one in town. It's the stores in most cities.

15. The math problem our teacher gave us yesterday is one we've had all semester. It's much the one he gave us last week.

16. San Francisco is city in The United States. That's why I live here. It's certainly Los Angeles.

17. This cereal has too sugar. I'm looking for cereal that has sugar. Can you recommend one?

18. (answer to 17.) I think Uncle Sam is a very cereal. It has sugar of any cereal I know.

19. "Mad Men" is a TV series about people in advertising in the 1960's. It's TV series I've seen in a long time. It's much many other TV series.

20. The location of our campus is before. This location is the one for most of our students.

21. Today, I'm I was yesterday. But tomorrow will be day I'll have this week.

22. Mount Everest is mountain in the world. No mountain in California is Mount Everest.

23. Historians say that Hitler was Mussolini. He was one of dictators the world has ever seen.

24, Her English was the teacher's. She was English student in the class.

25. Samuel lives in Sacramento. He lives from our school of all our students. Nobody lives he does from school.

26. day of my life was when my father died. I was about it, but my brother was I was.

27. Alaska has weather of any of the states. Also, Oregon's weather is California's weather.

28. New York is certainly San Francisco. In fact, New York is one of cities in the world.

29. Tokyo is much San Francisco. Tokyo, with its huge population, is one of cities in the world.

30. Angela always wears colorful clothes. Her clothes are any of her classmates' clothes. Some students think hers are clothes in the school.