Thursday, November 15, 2012

Hopes and Wishes

"Gonconda" Rene Magritte, 1953
(Click on the picture to enlarge it)

After "hope", use a clause in the present tense to talk about the future. For example, "I hope I get a raise next week." Notice that the clause "I get a raise next week" is in the present tense.

After "wish", use the simple past tense in the clause that follows. Use the special conjugation for "be" in the past: I were, He were, She were, It were, We were, You were, They were.
"I wish I had a good oven." (The reality is, I don't have a good oven.) "I wish my son weren't in New York". The reality is, my son is in New York, and I will miss him.

Complete the following sentences. You'll find a scrambled cue in the drop down menu. Click on the drop down menu, and you'll see the answer.

1. I hope

2. Maria hopes

3. Sam wishes

4. Mr. and Mrs. Philo saw a little leak in their ceiling. They hope

5. Alvin wishes

6. The workers hope

7. The teachers hope

8. David wishes

9. I'm having a great time on my vacation in Hawaii. I wish

10. My wife wishes

11. Maria hopes

12: I was looking forward to going to the beach. I wish

13. I hope

14. My daughter hopes

15. Stanley is fascinated by outer space. He wishes

16. Betty is going to Paris by plane. She hopes

17. Tom has to wait for a long time to vote in the election. He wishes

18. I know what you're thinking. You hope

19. Barry is a little under the weather today. He wishes

20. This is one of the best parties I've ever been to. I wish

21. I can't find very many interesting programs on Cable TV. I wish

22. Our afternoon classes aren't very large. The director wishes

23. The US government is considering asking the very wealthy to pay more taxes. Wealthy people hope

24. Daniel can't swim more than two laps. He wishes

25. Grammar Practice is always growing. New exercises are always being added. What grammar are you confused about? Your questions are very helpful for the development of this site. What kind of exercises do you wish
Your wishes will come true if you leave a comment.

Thursday, November 1, 2012

Present, Unreal Conditional. Fill the Blanks.

"Breakfast" by Paul Signac
The Present Unreal Conditional is how you can express a hypothetical situation, a fantasy, or any alternative to what is real in this moment. This type of sentence has two clauses: a condition clause in the past tense and a result clause: "would" plus a verb's base form. For the verb "be", in the condition clause, use "were" for all subject pronouns. This all may sound a little complicated, but if you try the following exercise, you'll get a feeling for it.

1. Tim feels sick today. If he well, come to school.

2. Mary doesn't like to play soccer. If she to play soccer, join our game on Sunday.

3. The students enjoy reading and listening to stories. If they enjoy reading and listening to stories, the teacher choose that activity.

4. Harry doesn't need a used car. If he a new car, go to Rick Pollack's Used Car Lot. He'd find a different vendor.

5. The workers don't receive decent wages. do much better work if good salaries.

6. My wife and I aren't interested in quiz shows on TV. If interested in TV quiz shows, watch them more often.

7. Cynthia is a fine lawyer. If a fine lawyer, be a candidate for the district judge position.

8. Mr. and Mrs. Jones don't own a jet airplane. If a jet airplane, travel to Bermuda more often.

9. You aren't losing money with your investments.
chose different companies, if losing money with your investments.

10. The children don't want to go to bed early. If they to go to bed early, get more sleep.

11. Diana isn't used to eating spicy food. eat more Mexican dishes if used to eating spicy food.

12. Oscar's apartment is too small. If it a larger apartment, enjoy living there more.

13 It rains too much in Oregon. Mary consider moving there if it rain so much there.

14. My parents don't have time to go on vacation. If they time to go on vacation, travel to Hawaii.

15. My daughter makes delicious and beautiful cakes. have a successful cake business if make such delicious and beautiful cakes.

16. Jack must be real thirsty. If so thirsty, be drinking a half gallon of water.

17. Stan is planning to retire soon . work for the company several years longer if planning to retire soon.

18. Damian loves to attend jazz concerts. If to attend jazz concerts, go out every Friday and Saturday night.

19. The coffee shop is open early on Sundays. If open early on Sundays, Julia have her coffee at home.

20. The Andersons aren't in San Francisco this week. You able to meet with them if in San Francisco this week.

Try Grammar Talk 16, Page One. It's good conversation practice for Present Unreal Conditional

Jennifer ESL talk about the Present Unreal Conditional:

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Future with "will" and "will be"

"Self Portrait on the border between Mexico
and The United States" 1932, by Frida Khalo

If there is a base form of a verb after "will", such as "cook", "bake", "play", "talk" indicating action, then just use the subject with "will". Use a contraction if there is a subject pronoun. If "will" is not followed by an action but by a noun or an adjective, then use "will be". Try the following exercises. Check the drop down menu on the right of the sentence for the answer.

1. see you tomorrow.

2. here at 8:30 tomorrow morning.

3. the new president of the company.

4. thirsty if I talk too much.

5. learn a lot of new words this week.

6. get married in March of next year.

7. in San Francisco next month.

8. probably rain a lot next month.

9. ready next Thursday. You can pick them up then.

10. take the mid term exam again?

11. Probably, cloudy most of the day tomorrow.

12. get married in March of next year.

13. a meeting in room 138 tomorrow morning. Don't forget.

14. bring some refreshments for us: coffee and muffins.

15. receive their test results at the end of the class.

16. I know happy when you see your good test score.

17. visit his friends when he goes to L.A.?

18. angry if I forget to feed her?

19. very sleepy tomorrow if she stays up late.

20. take her children to the doctor this Thursday.

21. on Tuesday, November 6th.

22. a holiday on November 11th.

23. get a raise if I work very hard at my job.

24. If you water your lawn, very green.

25. I have to hurry. My leave in one hour.

26. find magazines at that newsstand over there.

27. a birthday celebration for my daughter on January 10th.

28. build a new post office on that corner.

29. Do you think famous someday? Maybe you will, but you'll have to work very hard.

30. meet a lot of interesting people when you visit New York.

31. I think your very happy and successful in his new job.

32. attend college next semester?

33. very healthy if you eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.

34. practice the piano for an hour this afternoon.

35. Do you think upset if I borrow the car tonight?

36. buy a shirt for her husband this Christmas.

37. any snow in San Francisco this winter?

38. home this evening. You can call us then.

39. Do you think win the World Series?

40. I think go to bed now because I have to get up early tomorrow.

Thursday, October 18, 2012

Embedded "Yes/No" Questions

Venice Lagoon, 1879. James Whistler
When a question is a "Yes/No" question, noun clauses begin with either "if" or "whether". Let's practice writing sentences both ways. Also, the phrase "or not" is often added at the end of the sentence.
For answers 1 to 12, use "if" in your answer.

1. Excuse me. Is there a park near here?

2. Did Mary buy her cell phone online?

3. Are the vegetables at Whole Foods expensive?

4. Does this camera work?

5. Do the teachers have a meeting every week?

6. Is the language lab open on Saturdays?

7. Did your friend Juan play soccer in Mexico?

8. Is the new Great Gatsby movie very good?

9. Has the plane to Chicago left yet?

10. Is Lydia going to be my nurse?

11. Did a man in a green hat just walk by here?

12. Did my sister leave a message?

For questions 13 to 25, use "whether" in your answer
13. Has the bus from Reno arrived yet?

14. Did Alan get the job he applied for?

15. Are there enough glasses for the guests?

16. Is your neighbor a musician?

17. Does his wife work?

18. Are the employees going to strike?

19. Is that house for sale?

20. Will the packages arrive next week?

21. Will we be paid next Tuesday?

22. Did the Giants win today's game?

23. Did I talk in my sleep last night?

24. Did the teacher explain the noun clause?

25. Did anybody find a purse with money in it?