Thursday, November 15, 2012

Hopes and Wishes

"Gonconda" Rene Magritte, 1953
(Click on the picture to enlarge it)


After "hope", use a clause in the present tense to talk about the future. For example, "I hope I get a raise next week." Notice that the clause "I get a raise next week" is in the present tense.

After "wish", use the simple past tense in the clause that follows. Use the special conjugation for "be" in the past: I were, He were, She were, It were, We were, You were, They were.
"I wish I had a good oven." (The reality is, I don't have a good oven.) "I wish my son weren't in New York". The reality is, my son is in New York, and I will miss him.

Complete the following sentences. You'll find a scrambled cue in the drop down menu. Click on the drop down menu, and you'll see the answer.

1. I hope


2. Maria hopes


3. Sam wishes


4. Mr. and Mrs. Philo saw a little leak in their ceiling. They hope


5. Alvin wishes


6. The workers hope


7. The teachers hope


8. David wishes


9. I'm having a great time on my vacation in Hawaii. I wish


10. My wife wishes


11. Maria hopes


12: I was looking forward to going to the beach. I wish


13. I hope


14. My daughter hopes


15. Stanley is fascinated by outer space. He wishes


16. Betty is going to Paris by plane. She hopes


17. Tom has to wait for a long time to vote in the election. He wishes


18. I know what you're thinking. You hope


19. Barry is a little under the weather today. He wishes


20. This is one of the best parties I've ever been to. I wish


21. I can't find very many interesting programs on Cable TV. I wish


22. Our afternoon classes aren't very large. The director wishes


23. The US government is considering asking the very wealthy to pay more taxes. Wealthy people hope


24. Daniel can't swim more than two laps. He wishes


25. Grammar Practice is always growing. New exercises are always being added. What grammar are you confused about? Your questions are very helpful for the development of this site. What kind of exercises do you wish
Your wishes will come true if you leave a comment.


Thursday, November 1, 2012

Present, Unreal Conditional. Fill the Blanks.

"Breakfast" by Paul Signac
The Present Unreal Conditional is how you can express a hypothetical situation, a fantasy, or any alternative to what is real in this moment. This type of sentence has two clauses: a condition clause in the past tense and a result clause: "would" plus a verb's base form. For the verb "be", in the condition clause, use "were" for all subject pronouns. This all may sound a little complicated, but if you try the following exercise, you'll get a feeling for it.


1. Tim feels sick today. If he well, come to school.

2. Mary doesn't like to play soccer. If she to play soccer, join our game on Sunday.

3. The students enjoy reading and listening to stories. If they enjoy reading and listening to stories, the teacher choose that activity.

4. Harry doesn't need a used car. If he a new car, go to Rick Pollack's Used Car Lot. He'd find a different vendor.

5. The workers don't receive decent wages. do much better work if good salaries.

6. My wife and I aren't interested in quiz shows on TV. If interested in TV quiz shows, watch them more often.

7. Cynthia is a fine lawyer. If a fine lawyer, be a candidate for the district judge position.

8. Mr. and Mrs. Jones don't own a jet airplane. If a jet airplane, travel to Bermuda more often.

9. You aren't losing money with your investments.
chose different companies, if losing money with your investments.

10. The children don't want to go to bed early. If they to go to bed early, get more sleep.

11. Diana isn't used to eating spicy food. eat more Mexican dishes if used to eating spicy food.

12. Oscar's apartment is too small. If it a larger apartment, enjoy living there more.

13 It rains too much in Oregon. Mary consider moving there if it rain so much there.

14. My parents don't have time to go on vacation. If they time to go on vacation, travel to Hawaii.

15. My daughter makes delicious and beautiful cakes. have a successful cake business if make such delicious and beautiful cakes.

16. Jack must be real thirsty. If so thirsty, be drinking a half gallon of water.

17. Stan is planning to retire soon . work for the company several years longer if planning to retire soon.

18. Damian loves to attend jazz concerts. If to attend jazz concerts, go out every Friday and Saturday night.

19. The coffee shop is open early on Sundays. If open early on Sundays, Julia have her coffee at home.

20. The Andersons aren't in San Francisco this week. You able to meet with them if in San Francisco this week.

Try Grammar Talk 16, Page One. It's good conversation practice for Present Unreal Conditional

Jennifer ESL talk about the Present Unreal Conditional: